Watch care. Mechanical and Quartz watch

In case you want to get pleasure using a watch, follow these simple rules:

1. Like any other mechanism, mechanical watch requires regular inspection, cleaning, lubricating and adjusting precision.
Perform these operations every three or four year at an authorized service center specified in the list annexed to the watch passport.

Watch Service
Watch Service

This is an important prerequisite.
When a watch case is opened, even the tiniest speck of dust can get into gear and damage accuracy movement due to increased friction.
In case you need to wind a watch up, firstly remove it from your hand.
This measure prevents uneven pressure on the crown, which is one of the most fragile watch components.
Watches with manual winding should be started at the same time.
Rotate the crown clockwise until it stops.

Self-winding watch should be started once a week (20-30 crown rotations clockwise).
When wearing mechanical watch, avoid engaging into extreme sports, working with pneumatic tools, etc.
Recoil force affects durability and precision of a watch.
No matter how perfect a shock-proof mechanism is, there is always a risk of overloading mechanism details.
Avoid exercising, if you wear expensive mechanical or jewelry watches.
Choose special sports watches with high degree of mechanism protection: solid massive case and increased water resistance.

2. Quartz watches require less care.
However, do not forget about checkup, cleaning and lubrication every four or five year.
Apply only to authorized service centers specified in the list annexed to the watch passport.
To replace battery in a watch with quartz movement, contact an authorized dealer before the battery expiration.
Used batteries can leak and cause corrosion.

Quartz watch
Quartz watch

Do not try to change the battery yourself.
If your watch is waterproof, it should be tested for water resistance after the battery is replaced.
Be sure moisture does not penetrate into a watch.
To prevent damaging calendar mechanism, avoid changing the date between 22 and 02 hours of the night.
At this time, all wheels begin to move to automatically change the date.
Move an hour hand in the lower part of the face (for example, to “6:00” position) and change the date.
Most Swiss watches are equipped with sapphire glass.
Sapphire glass is rather scratch-resistant.
However, there are some materials that can easily damage it.
Therefore, keep a watch away from jewelry (especially precious stones) in places where they will be subject to minimal friction.
A watch box is the best option.
Such cases are chipped with soft material and made specifically for your watch.

Replace broken or cracked glass immediately.
Even the tiniest crack allows dust particles getting into mechanism.
This will affect accuracy of movement.
Do not store a watch in cold areas.
In cold, lubricants turn thick, mechanism stops and pins of axes may be damaged.
Do not leave a watch on stone table (marble). Marble is subject to strong changes in temperature. This may cause damage to some parts, especially springs and coils of old watches made of stainless steel. Experts recommend removing a watch before bedtime.
During sleep, you make involuntary movements that can damage a watch.
In addition, a sleeping person usually sweats.
Gradually, sweat is accumulated in your watch.
This can damage case and leakproof seals.
If your watch is water resistant, wipe it with a weak solution of mild soap or detergent from time to time.
Then wipe a watch dry.

If your watch has leather strap, perform this procedure only to case. When your watch is not waterproof, rub it with a slightly damp cloth.
Then use dry cloth. If you regularly play sports or lead an active physical life, choose a watch with metal bracelet or rubber strap (instead of natural leather).
Sweat and perspiration caused by sporting activities will gradually destroy genuine leather strap.

Avoid wearing a watch in sauna, bath, or under a hot shower.
Excessive heat and moisture can damage case and leakproff gaskets. Salt water damages coating.
Therefore, even water-resistant watch should be washed with soap solution in warm running.
This helps preventing corrosion and premature aging of gaskets. During contact with water, crown and all buttons should be in screwed position.
One should distinguish water-resistant and waterproof watches. Most water-resistant watches can withstand small amount of water during a short period of time.
Hand washing or staying under the rain will not harm water-resistant watch.
However, taking a shower (especially with gel) or long submersion leads to penetration of moisture into case and damages mechanism.

sport watch
sport watch

Swimming and diving require special waterproof watches.
They usually feature threaded joining of crown and case back with body.
One should wear such watch with the crown fixed with thread. This prevents penetration of water and mechanism damage.
Do not screw the crown too tight. Otherwise, you can damage thread and gasket. Tightness is a full when screwing with a light force.

Be careful not to turn on your chronograph (except for scuba diving watch, where applicable) at a time when its case is in water.
Water can penetrate into case through the holes under buttons.
On the expiry of 2-3 years, your watch can lose integrity because of gasket aging.
Therefore, check tightness every two to three years. If necessary, replace gaskets.
Avoid leaving a watch near speakers or other sources of magnetic fields. Most watches do not have magnetic protection.
Magnetization of movement parts may affect accuracy of movement.

And, of course, avoid repairing expensive Swiss watch in unknown shops. Apply to authorized service centers.

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